The main legal relations between Israel and the EU are defined in the 1995 Association Agreement.  Several other agreements concern sectoral issues. The 2010 judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Communities in the Brita case confirmed that products originating in the West Bank are not eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the EC-Israel Agreement and that claims to the contrary by the Israeli authorities are not binding on EU customs authorities. In its explanatory memorandum, the ECJ relied on the existence of two separate and identical association agreements, one with Israel, which applies to the `territory of the State of Israel`, the other with the PLO, which applies to the territory of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and on the general principle of the right to inhabit peoples according to which no obligation may be imposed on a third party without his consent. The Association Agreement was signed in Brussels on 20 November 1995 and entered into force on 1 June 2000, after being ratified by the parliaments of the fifteen Member States, the European Parliament and the Knesset. It replaces the old cooperation agreement of 1975. On 8 June 2014, Israel and the European Union signed Israel`s Association Agreement with the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020). The agreement offers Israeli researchers, universities and businesses full access to the Horizon 2020 programme. In June 2013, Israel and the EU signed an open skies agreement that is expected to enter into force in 2018.
 Israel was the first non-European country associated with the European Union`s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (RTD). Israel`s special status is the result of its high scientific and research capabilities and the dense network of long-standing relations in scientific and technical cooperation between Israel and the EU. In July 2004, the European Commission signed an agreement with Israel to participate in the EU`s Galileo project for a global navigation satellite system. From 2014, Israel was a member of the European scientific organization CERN and became the only non-European member. . . .